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Faces of Auschwitz prisoners are even more devastating in colour


Polish prisoner, Janina Nowak, 24, is brought to life in colour (Picture: Marina Amaral/The Auschwitz Memorial Archive)

These haunting coloured portraits of Auschwitz prisoners painfully show the human reality of the Holocaust.

It took months of research and painstaking work to breathe life into a collection of forgotten black and white photos.

But artist Marina Amaral has managed to bring these nine victims of the Nazi regime back into the present.

Janina Nowak, a 24-year-old woman from central Poland, arrived at Auschwitz on June 12, 1942.

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She ran away from a work party of 200 Polish women, and despite the efforts of the Nazi guards, they couldn’t find her.

Janina was the first female prisoner to escape from Auschwitz.

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Vinzent Daniel was arrested in Prague and deported to Auschwitz on April 29, 1942, aged 22.

He was registered as a Czech prisoner, even though he was of Roma origin.

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Vinzent worked within a chemical plant and on May 27, 1942, around noon, he made his escape from the village of Zaborze.

According to witness accounts, he ran across a field, through the bottom of a drained pond and headed towards a nearby forest.

As he ran, he tore off his uniform and continued his escape only in underwear. His fate remains unknown.

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Witold Pilecki was a reserve officer in the Polish Army. As part of a Polish resistance group, he volunteered for an operation that saw him intentionally imprisoned in Auschwitz to gather intelligence on the site’s operations.

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His reports from as early as 1941, informed the Western Allies of the atrocities being committed at the death camp.

Before escaping Auschwitz, Pilecki organised a resistance movement right under the noses of the Nazi guards.

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Deliana Rademakers was a Jehovah’s Witness, who was arrested while going house-to-house in occupied Netherlands.

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She was 19 when the Nazis deported her to Auschwitz from the Ravensbrück concentration camp on November 20, 1942.

According to her death certificate, Deliana died less than a month later on December 10, 1942.

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Jozefa Glazowska was 12 when she arrived at Auschwitz on December 13, 1942.

She was on a train with 318 other women and children, including her parents, from the Zamość region of Poland.

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Józefa was a child victim of Aktion Zamość, an operation which saw the Nazis remove 116,000 Polish men and women from the area in just a few months.

It was in preparation for a state-sponsored settlement of ethnic Germans.

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The Auschwitz Memorial Archive stores and preserves 38,916 photos that remain from approximately 80,000 portraits taken by the Nazi guards.

Information about this little girl has been lost forever.

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Not even her birthday is known.

All that remains is her prisoner number: 2731.

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Salomon Honig, a 42-year-old Polish Jew, was murdered at Auschwitz after his arrival on March 5, 1942.

At the time of his arrest, Salomon was living in Tarnów, Poland, and worked as a merchant.

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There are no known records about the circumstances of his arrest.

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The portrait of 14-year-old Czesława Kwoka was the first portrait given colour by artist Marina Amaral.

She arrived with her mother at Auschwitz on December 13, 1942, on a train with 318 other women and children from the Zamość region of Poland

She was on the same train as Jozefa Glazowska.

Czesława was given the number 26947 and perished in the camp 67 days later on February 18, 1943.

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She was murdered with a phenol injection into the heart – a fate handed to hundreds of Polish children at Auschwitz who were not deemed racially suitable to be ‘Germanised’.

According to the testimony of a survivor Wilhelm Brasse, who took her registration picture, she was beaten by one of the guards.

In the picture you can see how the beating left her with a cut lip.

Czesława was one of 230,000 children among the 1,300,000 people who were deported to Auschwitz from 1940 to 1945.

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The emaciated figure of Czesława’s mother, Katarzyna Kwoka, is seen in these portraits.

She received prisoner number 26949 and perished in the camp on February 18, 1943.

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It was just one month before the death of her daughter.

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Source: http://metro.co.uk/2018/05/31/faces-auschwitz-prisoners-even-devastating-colour-7591706

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